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Calcasieu Lake

Calcasieu Lake
From: Gosselink, 1979; LACoast, 2003

Calcasieu Lake is located on the Chenier Coastal Plain just east of the Texas-Louisiana border. The Lake receives freshwater input from the Calcasieu River and connects to the Gulf of Mexico through Calcasieu Pass at Cameron, Louisiana.

The basin is characterized by marshes which may be fresh, intermediate, brackish or saline. The basin supports a variety of marine and wetland habitats but is dominated by marshlands. Common living resources include shrimp, Gulf menhaden, nutria, muskrat and waterfowl. Cameron is a major port of call for the offshore oil and gas industry and the area also supports two menhaden processing plants.


Coordinates:   29.78° N  93.35° W

Selected Characteristics: (USEPA, 1999)
Surface Area:   256 km2
Drainage Area:   11,100 km2
Average Daily FW Inflow:   178 m3/s
Average Depth:   1.0 m
Average Salinity:   12 ppt
Coastal Wetlands:   494 km2

References:
Gosselink, J.G., C.L. Cordes, and J.W. Parsons. 1979. An ecological characterization study of the Chenier Plain coastal ecosystem of Louisiana and Texas. 3 vols. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Office of Biological Services. FWS/OBS-78/9 through 78/11.

USEPA. 1999. Ecological condition of estuaries in the Gulf of Mexico. EPA 620-R-98-004. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, Gulf Ecology Division, Gulf Breeze, Florida. 80 pp.

LACoast. Located on the web at: http://www.lacoast.gov/cwppra/projects/calcasieu/


Additional Information:
LACoast - Calcasieu/Sabine Basin
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service - Sabine National Wildlife Refuge
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service - Cameron Prairie National Wildlife Refuge
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service - Lacassine National Wildlife Refuge

Keywords:   Marshlands, Lake, Bays, Estuaries, Calcasieu, Fish, Shrimp

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Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi To cite GulfBase, use: F. Moretzsohn, J.A. Sánchez Chávez, and J.W. Tunnell, Jr., Editors. 2015. GulfBase: Resource Database for Gulf of Mexico Research. World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.gulfbase.org, 03 May 2015.
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