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Estuario de Sabancuy
Sabancuy is located in the state of Campeche, Mexico. It is formed by five important areas: El Pujo, San Nicolás, Ensenada Polcai, Santa Rosalia and the area next to the town’s access bridge. It presents two openings or access channels. The first extends from the access highway to Sabancuy town until the Pujo mouth in the west. It is influenced by the Terminos Lagoon where it ends and forms lagoons and swamps with extensive flood plains, and it is characterized as a low area with elevations smaller than 4.0 m. The second, located in the Polcai inlet, extends from the bridge to the estuary head in the east. It is an artificial channel, which ends toward the coastal area and is defined by its proximity to the town’s access bridge.
The region is characterized by a hot and humid climate, with rains particularly in the summer. The average annual temperature is 26.9 C and the average annual precipitation is 1426.8 mm. The surroundings host vast amounts of mangrove and elevations that reach no more than ten meters with a terrain barely sloping toward the coast, forming extensive plains with small undulations known as “cuyos,” or small mounds with constant ground changes.
Sabancuy’s ecosystem shows the impact caused by anthropogenic activity typical of coastal developments, such as the construction of various structures and the waste of organic materials. These have affected the biotic components and in some cases the hydrologic dynamics, with changes in its physical and chemical characteristics.
Coordinates: 18.88° N 91.33° W
Average Depth: 1-2.5 m
Average Salinity: 32-37 ppt
González A.S. and Torruco D.G. 2000. La fauna bentica del Estero de Sabancuy, Campeche, Mexico. Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del IPN-Unidad Mérida. A.P. 73 Cordemex, 97310 Mérida, Yucatán, México. http://rbt.ots.ac.cr/revistas/49-1/gonzalez/gonzalez.html
Keywords: Estuary, Anthropogenic activity, Cuyos
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