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Sabine Lake and Estuary
Sabine Lake is located on the Texas-Louisiana border. The Sabine Lake estuary is composed of Sabine Lake, the Sabine-Neches Canal and the Port Arthur Canal. The system is considered to be part of the Chenier Coastal Plain Ecosystem of Louisiana and Texas (Gosselink et al., 1979). Connection to the Gulf of Mexico is via Sabine Pass. Much of the area surrounding Sabine Lake is urbanized and supports the industrial complexes of Beaumont, Orange and Port Arthur.
The estuarine environments of the area support a large diversity of life and have been protected by parks, refuges and preserves (see links below). The selected characteristics listed below refer to Sabine Lake.
Coordinates: 29.93° N 93.88° W
Selected Characteristics: (USEPA, 1999)
Surface Area: 243 km2
Drainage Area: 54,100 km2
Average Daily FW Inflow: 487 m3/s
Average Depth: 2.0 m
Average Salinity: 11 ppt
Coastal Wetlands: 967 km2
Gosselink, J.G., C.L. Cordes, and J.W. Parsons. 1979. An ecological characterization study of the Chenier Plain coastal ecosystem of Louisiana and Texas. 3 vols. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Office of Biological Services. FWS/OBS-78/9 through 78/11.
Armstrong, N.E. 1987. The ecology of open-bay bottoms of Texas: a community profile. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Biological Report 85(7.12). 104 pp.
USEPA, 1999. Ecological condition of estuaries in the Gulf of Mexico. EPA 620-R-98-004. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, Gulf Ecology Division, Gulf Breeze, Florida. 80 pp.
LACoast - Calcasieu / Sabine Basin
Gulf Ecological Management Site - Sabine National Wildlife Refuge
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service - McFaddin National Wildlife Refuge
Texas Parks & WIldlife - Sea Rim State Park
National Park Service - Big Thicket National Preserve
Keywords: Chenier, Coastal, Plain, Bays, Estuaries, Lake, Sabine, Parks
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