Florida Keys, west Gulf of Mexico, Antilles, Panama-Suriname
loose rubble or coral fragments
Powers, L. W. 1977. A catalogue and bibliography to the crabs (Brachyura) of the Gulf of Mexico. Contributions in Marine Science 20 (Supplement): 1–190.
Rathbun, M. J. 1930. The cancroid crabs of America of the families Euryalidae, Portunidae, Atelecyclidae, Cancridae and Xanthidae. Bulletin of the U.S. National Museum 152: i–xvi, 1–609.
Takeda, M. 1983. Crustacea. Pp. 19–185 in M. Takeda and T. Okutani, eds. Crustaceans and Mollusks trawled off Suriname and French Guiana. Japan Marine Fishery Resource Research Center, Tokyo.
Wicksten, M. K. 2005a. Decapod crustaceans of the Flower Banks National Marine Sanctuary. Gulf of Mexico Science 23: 30–37.
Records include USNM 265123 from shallow waters off Colombia, ID by R. Lemaitre.
Felder, D. L., F. Álvarez, J. W. Goy, and R. Lemaitre. 2009. Decapoda (Crustacea) of the Gulf of Mexico, with Comments on the Amphionidacea, Pp. 1019–1104 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.
Harte Research Institute for Gulf of Mexico Studies. 2016. GulfBase: Resource Database for Gulf of Mexico Research, Education, and Management. Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi. World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.gulfbase.org, 02-26-2020.