Alvarez, B., R. W. M. van Soest, and K. Rützer. 1998. A revision of Axinellidae (Porifera: Demospongiae) of the central West Atlantic Region. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 598: 1–47.
Carter, H. J. 1884. Catalogue of marine sponges, collected by Mr. Jos. Willcox, on the west coast of Florida. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 5: 202–209.
Laubenfels, M. W. de. 1953. Sponges from the Gulf of Mexico. Bulletin of Marine Science of the Gulf and Caribbean 2: 511–557.
Treated as Axinella polypoides Schmidt, 1870, by Carter (1884); Homaxinella rudis (Verrill, 1907), by de Laubenfels (1953).
Rützler, K., R. W. M. van Soest, and C. Piantoni. 2009. Sponges (Porifera) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 285–313 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.
Harte Research Institute for Gulf of Mexico Studies. 2016. GulfBase: Resource Database for Gulf of Mexico Research, Education, and Management. Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi. World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.gulfbase.org, [Today's Date].