North Carolina–Florida Keys, Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea
outer continental shelf
Rathbun, M. J. 1930. The cancroid crabs of America of the families Euryalidae, Portunidae, Atelecyclidae, Cancridae and Xanthidae. Bulletin of the U.S. National Museum 152: i–xvi, 1–609.
Vázquez-Bader, A. R., and A. Gracia. 2004. A new genus and species of crab of the family Xanthidae MacLeay, 1838 (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura) from the southwestern Gulf of Mexico. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 117: 505–513.
Williams, A. B. 1984b. Shrimps, Lobsters, and Crabs of the Atlantic Coast of the Eastern United States, Maine to Florida. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.
Williams, A. B., L. R. McCloskey, and I. E. Gray. 1968. New records of brachyuran decapod crustaceans from the continental shelf off North Carolina, U.S.A. Crustaceana 15: 41–66.
A new species described by Vázquez-Bader and Gracia (2004), and designated as the type for a new genus, is deemed to be a junior synonym of Micropanope urinator, a widely distributed species in the Gulf of Mexico and western Atlantic; we nonetheless accept the need for a new genus to receive this species and propose this new combination (n. comb.), as its reassignment was not addressed in previous generic revisions of the group by Guinot (1969–present); records include ULLZ 1743 and 2440 from the northeastern Gulf of Mexico, ID by D. L. Felder; ULLZ 4706 and 2441 from the northwestern Gulf of Mexico, ID by D. L. Felder; and USNM 68848 from off Key West, ID by M. J. Rathbun.
Felder, D. L., F. Álvarez, J. W. Goy, and R. Lemaitre. 2009. Decapoda (Crustacea) of the Gulf of Mexico, with Comments on the Amphionidacea, Pp. 1019–1104 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.
Harte Research Institute for Gulf of Mexico Studies. 2016. GulfBase: Resource Database for Gulf of Mexico Research, Education, and Management. Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi. World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.gulfbase.org, 03-31-2020.