Chitwood, B. G. 1951. North American marine nematodes. Texas Journal of Science 3: 617–672.
Hope, W. D. 2009. Free-Living Marine Nematoda of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1111–1123 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.
Harte Research Institute for Gulf of Mexico Studies. 2016. GulfBase: Resource Database for Gulf of Mexico Research, Education, and Management. Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi. World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.gulfbase.org, 07-12-2020.