Cooper, G. A. 1954. Brachiopoda occurring in the Gulf of Mexico. Pp. 363–365 in P. S. Galtsoff, ed. Gulf of Mexico, Its Origin, Waters, and Marine Life. Fishery Bulletin 89. Fishery Bulletin of the Fish and Wildlife Service, Volume 55, Washington, D.C.
Cooper, G. A. 1959. Genera of Tertiary and Recent rhynchonellid brachiopods. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 139: 1–90.
Cooper, G. A. 1977. Brachiopods from the Caribbean Sea and the Adjacent Waters, F. M. Bayer and G. L. Voss, eds. University of Miami Press, Coral Gables, Florida. 212 pp.
In North Atlantic, occupies water as deep as 2900 m.
Straits of Florida, recorded at 137–382 m, and specimens collected by the R/V Gerda down to 604 m.
Santagata, S. and J. W. Tunnell Jr. 2009. Brachiopoda of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1137–1141 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.
Harte Research Institute for Gulf of Mexico Studies. 2016. GulfBase: Resource Database for Gulf of Mexico Research, Education, and Management. Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi. World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.gulfbase.org, [Today's Date].