Cooper, G. A. 1954. Brachiopoda occurring in the Gulf of Mexico. Pp. 363–365 in P. S. Galtsoff, ed. Gulf of Mexico, Its Origin, Waters, and Marine Life. Fishery Bulletin 89. Fishery Bulletin of the Fish and Wildlife Service, Volume 55, Washington, D.C.
Cooper, G. A. 1977. Brachiopods from the Caribbean Sea and the Adjacent Waters, F. M. Bayer and G. L. Voss, eds. University of Miami Press, Coral Gables, Florida. 212 pp.
Pourtalès, L. F. de 1868. Contributions to the fauna of the gulf stream at great depths. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard College 1: 121–142.
This species has been recorded in the Caribbean to a depth of 491 m.
Santagata, S. and J. W. Tunnell Jr. 2009. Brachiopoda of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1137–1141 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.
Harte Research Institute for Gulf of Mexico Studies. 2016. GulfBase: Resource Database for Gulf of Mexico Research, Education, and Management. Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi. World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.gulfbase.org, 11-17-2019.