Laubenfels, M. W. de. 1953. Sponges from the Gulf of Mexico. Bulletin of Marine Science of the Gulf and Caribbean 2: 511–557.
Teerling, J. 1975. A survey of sponges from the northwestern Gulf of Mexico. PhD Dissertation, University of Southwestern Louisiana. Lafayette, Louisiana. 187 pp.
Rützler, K., R. W. M. van Soest, and C. Piantoni. 2009. Sponges (Porifera) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 285–313 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.
Harte Research Institute for Gulf of Mexico Studies. 2016. GulfBase: Resource Database for Gulf of Mexico Research, Education, and Management. Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi. World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.gulfbase.org, 09-18-2020.