Florida–Brazil, Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean, West Africa East Pacific Ocean
attached to algae
Lagaaij, R. 1963. New additions to the bryozoan fauna of the Gulf of Mexico. Publications of the Institute of Marine Science, University of Texas 9: 162–236.
Shier, D. E. 1964. Marine Bryozoa from northwest Florida. Bulletin of Marine Science of the Gulf and Caribbean 14: 603–662.
Winston, J. E. and F. J. Maturo Jr. 2009. Bryozoans (Ectoprocta) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1147–1164 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.
Harte Research Institute for Gulf of Mexico Studies. 2016. GulfBase: Resource Database for Gulf of Mexico Research, Education, and Management. Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi. World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.gulfbase.org, 10-15-2019.