Miller, J. E., and D. L. Pawson. 1990. Swimming sea cucumbers (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea); a survey, with analysis of swimming behavior in four bathyal species. Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences 35: 1–18.
New record for GMx. ID: R. Carney, DLP; 15 Aug 1971, 20°55.9´N, 92°36.5´W, Alaminos; USNM E26089, 3 specimens; ID: DLP; 21 May 1985, 28°22´23"N, 86°48´29"W, Alaminos; USNM E51004, 1 specimen.
Pawson, D. L., D. J. Vance, C. G. Messing, F. A. Solis-Marin, and C. L. Mah. 2009. Echinodermata of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1177–1204 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.
Harte Research Institute for Gulf of Mexico Studies. 2016. GulfBase: Resource Database for Gulf of Mexico Research, Education, and Management. Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi. World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.gulfbase.org, 01-19-2021.