east Florida–Gulf of Mexico, Antilles, Colombia, Brazil
molluscan and other shells or shell hash
associated with aquatic vegetation
Ives, J. E. 1891. Crustacea from the northern coast of Yucatan, the harbor of Vera Cruz, the west coast of Florida and the Bermuda Islands. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 43: 176–207, pls V–VI.
Melo, G. A. S. 1996. Manual de Identificação dos Brachyura (Cananguejos e Siris) do Litoral Brasileiro. Plêiade/FAPESP, São Paulo.
Melo, G. A. S. 1998b. Malacostraca - Eucarida. Brachyura. Oxyrhyncha and Brachyrhyncha. Pp. 455–515 in P. S. Young, ed. Catalogue of Crustacea of Brazil. Museu Nacional, Série Livros n. 6, Rio de Janerio.
Rathbun, M. J. 1918. The grapsoid crabs of America. Bulletin of the U.S. National Museum 97: i–xxii, 1–461.
Rouse, W. L. 1970. Littoral Crustacea from southwest Florida. Quarterly Journal of the Florida Academy of Sciences 32 (for 1969): 127–152.
Tabb, D. C., and R. B. Manning. 1961. A checklist of the flora and fauna of northern Florida Bay and adjacent brackish waters of the Florida mainland collected during the period July, 1957 through September, 1960. Bulletin of Marine Science of the Gulf and Caribbean 11: 552–649.
Felder, D. L., F. Álvarez, J. W. Goy, and R. Lemaitre. 2009. Decapoda (Crustacea) of the Gulf of Mexico, with Comments on the Amphionidacea, Pp. 1019–1104 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.
Harte Research Institute for Gulf of Mexico Studies. 2016. GulfBase: Resource Database for Gulf of Mexico Research, Education, and Management. Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi. World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.gulfbase.org, 06-02-2020.