North Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea, Mediterranean Sea
Pérez-Farfante, I., and B. Kensley. 1997. Penaeoid and sergestoid shrimps and prawns of the world. Memoirs du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle 175, Paris.
Roberts, W. T., and W. E. Pequegnat. 1970. Deep water decapod shrimps of the family Penaeidae. Pp. 21–57 in W. E. Pequegnat and F. A. Chace, Jr., eds. Contributions on the Biology of the Gulf of Mexico. Texas A&M Oceanographic Studies, Gulf Publishing Company, Houston.
Felder, D. L., F. Álvarez, J. W. Goy, and R. Lemaitre. 2009. Decapoda (Crustacea) of the Gulf of Mexico, with Comments on the Amphionidacea, Pp. 1019–1104 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.
Harte Research Institute for Gulf of Mexico Studies. 2016. GulfBase: Resource Database for Gulf of Mexico Research, Education, and Management. Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi. World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.gulfbase.org, 11-17-2019.