Massachusetts–Florida, Brazil, Gulf of Mexico, East Pacific Ocean
Shier, D. E. 1964. Marine Bryozoa from northwest Florida. Bulletin of Marine Science of the Gulf and Caribbean 14: 603–662.
Winston, J. E. and F. J. Maturo Jr. 2009. Bryozoans (Ectoprocta) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1147–1164 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.
Harte Research Institute for Gulf of Mexico Studies. 2016. GulfBase: Resource Database for Gulf of Mexico Research, Education, and Management. Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi. World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.gulfbase.org, 10-21-2019.