Podar, M., S. H. D. Haddock, M. L. Sogin, and G. R. Harbison. 2001. A molecular phylogenetic framework for the Phylum Ctenophora using 18S rRNA genes. Molecular Phyogenetics and Evolution 21: 218–230.
Remsen, A., 2005, personal communication. SIPPER (Shadowed Image Particle Profiling Evaluation Recorder) recordings on the West Florida Escarpment off Tampa, Florida (for information on SIPPER, see Remsen, Samson, and Hopkins 2004).
Moss, A. G. 2009. Ctenophora of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 403–411 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.
Harte Research Institute for Gulf of Mexico Studies. 2016. GulfBase: Resource Database for Gulf of Mexico Research, Education, and Management. Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi. World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.gulfbase.org, 10-21-2019.