Laubenfels, M. W. de. 1936. A discussion of the sponge fauna of the Dry Tortugas in particular and the West Indies in general, with material for a revision of the families and orders of the Porifera. Carnegie Institute of Washington (Tortugas Laboratory Paper No. 467) 30: 1–225.
Laubenfels, M. W. de. 1953. Sponges from the Gulf of Mexico. Bulletin of Marine Science of the Gulf and Caribbean 2: 511–557.
Phillips, N. W., D. A. Gettleson, and K. D. Spring. 1990. Benthic biological studies of the southwest Florida shelf. American Zoologist 30: 65–75.
Storr, J. F. 1964. Ecology of the Gulf of Mexico commercial sponges and its relation to the fishery. Special Scientific Report 466, United States Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, D.C. 73 pp.
Storr, J. F. 1976. Ecological factors controlling sponge distribution in the Gulf of Mexico and the resulting zonation. Pp. 261–276 in F. W. H. Harrison and R. R. Cowden, eds. Aspects of Sponge Biology. Academic Press, New York.
Tabb, D. C., and R. B. Manning. 1961. A checklist of the flora and fauna of northern Florida Bay and adjacent brackish waters of the Florida mainland collected during the period July, 1957 through September, 1960. Bulletin of Marine Science of the Gulf and Caribbean 11: 552–649.
Teerling, J. 1975. A survey of sponges from the northwestern Gulf of Mexico. PhD Dissertation, University of Southwestern Louisiana. Lafayette, Louisiana. 187 pp.
Topsent, É. 1889. Quelques spongiaires du Banc de Campêche et de la Pointe-a-Pître. Mémoires de la Société Zoologique de France 2: 30–52.
Rützler, K., R. W. M. van Soest, and C. Piantoni. 2009. Sponges (Porifera) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 285–313 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.
Harte Research Institute for Gulf of Mexico Studies. 2016. GulfBase: Resource Database for Gulf of Mexico Research, Education, and Management. Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi. World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.gulfbase.org, 07-02-2020.