Canu, F., and R. S. Bassler. 1928. Fossil and Recent Bryozoa of the Gulf of Mexico region. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 72: 1–199.
Lagaaij, R. 1963. New additions to the bryozoan fauna of the Gulf of Mexico. Publications of the Institute of Marine Science, University of Texas 9: 162–236.
Smitt, F. A. 1873. Floridan Bryozoa, collected by Count L.F. de Pourtales, Part II. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar 11, no. 4: 3–83.
Winston, J. E. 2005. Re-description and revision of Smitt’s “Floridan Bryozoa” in the collection of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University. Virginia Museum of Natural History Memoir 7: 1–152.
Winston, J. E. and F. J. Maturo Jr. 2009. Bryozoans (Ectoprocta) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1147–1164 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.
Harte Research Institute for Gulf of Mexico Studies. 2016. GulfBase: Resource Database for Gulf of Mexico Research, Education, and Management. Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi. World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.gulfbase.org, 02-27-2020.