Schmidt, O. 1879. Die Spongien des Meerbusen von Mexico. Part I, Lithistiden. Pp. 1–32. Reports on the dredging under the supervision of Alexander Agassiz, in the Gulf of Mexico by the United States Coast Survey steamer “Blake.” Gustav Fischer, Jena.
Rützler, K., R. W. M. van Soest, and C. Piantoni. 2009. Sponges (Porifera) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 285–313 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.
Harte Research Institute for Gulf of Mexico Studies. 2016. GulfBase: Resource Database for Gulf of Mexico Research, Education, and Management. Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi. World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.gulfbase.org, 07-03-2020.