Arctic Ocean to northwest Gulf of Mexico, West Indies
Abbott, R. T. 1974. American Seashells: The Marine Mollusca of the Atlantic and Pacific Coasts of North America, 2nd Ed. Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York, New York. 663 pp.
Dall, W. H. 1889. A preliminary catalogue of the shell-bearing marine mollusks and brachiopods of the southeastern coast of the United States, with illustrations of many of the species. Bulletin of the U.S. National Museum 37: 1–121, 74 pls.
Hyde, L. J. 2000. The systematics, distribution, and ecology of the mollusks of Stetson Bank, Northwestern Gulf of Mexico. M.S. Thesis, Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi, Corpus Christi, Texas. 216 pp.
Mikkelsen, P. M., and R. Bieler. 2004. Critical catalog and annotated bibliography of marine bivalve records for the Florida Keys. Malacologia 46(2): 545–623.
Pequegnat, W. E. 1983. The ecological communities of the continental slope and adjacent regimes of the northern Gulf of Mexico. U.S. Department of the Interior, Minerals Management Services contract AA851-CT1-12 by TerEco Corp. College Station, Texas. 398 pp. + Appendices A1–C40.
HMNS.MAL 5513 – 33 mi SW of Southwest Pass, Louisiana, mud, 417 m.
Turgeon, D. D., W. G. Lyons, P. Mikkelsen, G. Rosenberg, and F. Moretzsohn. 2009. Bivalvia (Mollusca) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 711–744 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.
Harte Research Institute for Gulf of Mexico Studies. 2016. GulfBase: Resource Database for Gulf of Mexico Research, Education, and Management. Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi. World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.gulfbase.org, 06-05-2020.