Gasca, R. 1998. Siphonophore communities in the southern Gulf of Mexico during April–May, 1986. Proceedings of the Second International Congress on Pelagic Biogeography. IOC/UNESCO Workshop Report 142: 120–126.
It is assumed that the GMx record for this species given by Sears (1954) is derived from that of Bigelow (1918). However, Bigelow’s specimen was not collected within the present GMx area.
Pugh, P. R. and R. Gasca. 2009. Siphonophorae (Cnidaria) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 395–402 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.
Harte Research Institute for Gulf of Mexico Studies. 2016. GulfBase: Resource Database for Gulf of Mexico Research, Education, and Management. Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi. World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.gulfbase.org, 06-05-2020.