Kraeuter, J. N. 1971. A taxonomic and distributional study of the Western North Atlantic Dentaliidae (Mollusca: Scaphopoda). Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware. 239 pp. + figs.
Smith, L. E. 1958. Ecological catalogue and bibliography of the invertebrate fauna and environments of the Gulf of Mexico with special reference to the Mollusca. Sun Oil, Dallas, Texas. Preliminary Report. Vol. 1, Part 2.
Steiner, G., and A. R. Kabat. 2004. Catalog of species-group names of Recent and fossil Scaphopoda (Mollusca). Zoosystema 26 (4): 549–720.
Kraeuter, J. N. 2009. Scaphopoda (Mollusca) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 745–749 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.
Harte Research Institute for Gulf of Mexico Studies. 2016. GulfBase: Resource Database for Gulf of Mexico Research, Education, and Management. Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi. World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.gulfbase.org, 10-21-2019.