Bright, T. J., J. W. Tunnell, L. H. Pequegnat, T. E. Burke, C. W. Cashman, D. A. Cropper, J. P. Ray, R. C. Tresslar, J. Teerling, and J. B. Willis. 1974. Biotic zonation on the West Flower Garden Bank. Pp. 4–52 in T. J. Bright and L. H. Pequegnat, eds. Biota of the West Flower Garden Bank. Gulf Publishing Company, Houston, Texas.
Cooper, G. A. 1954. Brachiopoda occurring in the Gulf of Mexico. Pp. 363–365 in P. S. Galtsoff, ed. Gulf of Mexico, Its Origin, Waters, and Marine Life. Fishery Bulletin 89. Fishery Bulletin of the Fish and Wildlife Service, Volume 55, Washington, D.C.
Cooper, G. A. 1977. Brachiopods from the Caribbean Sea and the Adjacent Waters, F. M. Bayer and G. L. Voss, eds. University of Miami Press, Coral Gables, Florida. 212 pp.
Davidson, T. H. 1866. Notes on some Recent Brachiopoda dredged by the late Lucas Barrett off the northeast coast of Jamaica, and now forming the collection of Mr. R. MacAndrew. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London: 6: 102–104.
Generally favors waters shallower than 200 m but has been taken from 1473 m.
Santagata, S. and J. W. Tunnell Jr. 2009. Brachiopoda of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1137–1141 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.
Harte Research Institute for Gulf of Mexico Studies. 2016. GulfBase: Resource Database for Gulf of Mexico Research, Education, and Management. Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi. World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.gulfbase.org, 10-22-2019.