McEachran, J. D., and J. D. Fechhelm. 1998. Fishes of the Gulf of Mexico. Volume 1: Myxiniformes to Gasterosteiformes. University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas. 1112 p.
Russell, B. C. 2002b. Bathsauridae. Pp. 931–932 in K. E. Carpenter, ed. The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Atlantic. Vol. 2. Bony fishes part 1 (Acipenseridae to Grammatidae). FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes and American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists Special Publication No. 5. FAO, Rome.
Sulak, K. J. 1984. Chlorophthalmidae. Pp. 412–420 in P. J. P. Whithead, M. L. Bauchot, J. C. Hureau, J. Nielsen, and E. Tortonese, eds. Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean, Vol. 1. UNESCO, Paris, 1–510.
McEachran, J. D. 2009. Fishes (Vertebrata: Pisces) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1223–1316 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.
Harte Research Institute for Gulf of Mexico Studies. 2016. GulfBase: Resource Database for Gulf of Mexico Research, Education, and Management. Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi. World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.gulfbase.org, [Today's Date].