Cape Cod–Brazil, Gulf of Mexico, West Atlantic Ocean
Smitt, F. A. 1873. Floridan Bryozoa, collected by Count L.F. de Pourtales, Part II. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar 11, no. 4: 3–83.
Winston, J. E. 2005. Re-description and revision of Smitt’s “Floridan Bryozoa” in the collection of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University. Virginia Museum of Natural History Memoir 7: 1–152.
′GCRL 687. Gulf of Mexico off SW Pass, Louisiana, 20 January 1962, several samples from Chelonibia caretta (barnacle from sea turtle). Alan Cheetham, det.; originally identified as Membranipora fusca Osburn, 1950. Examined by JEW, May, 2004.
Winston, J. E. and F. J. Maturo Jr. 2009. Bryozoans (Ectoprocta) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1147–1164 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.
Harte Research Institute for Gulf of Mexico Studies. 2016. GulfBase: Resource Database for Gulf of Mexico Research, Education, and Management. Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi. World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.gulfbase.org, 10-21-2019.