Craddock, J. E., and K. E. Hartel. 2002. Myctophidae. Pp. 944–951 in K. E. Carpenter, ed. The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Atlantic. Vol. 2. Bony fishes part 1 (Acipenseridae to Grammatidae). FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes and American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists Special Publication No. 5. FAO, Rome.
Gartner, J. V., Jr., T. L. Hopkins, R. C. Baird, and D. M. Milliken. 1987. The lanternfishes (Pisces: Myctophidae) of the eastern Gulf of Mexico. Fishery Bulletin, U.S. National Marine Fisheries Service 85: 81–98.
McEachran, J. D., and J. D. Fechhelm. 1998. Fishes of the Gulf of Mexico. Volume 1: Myxiniformes to Gasterosteiformes. University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas. 1112 p.
Nafpaktitus, B. G. 1968. Taxonomy and distribution of the lanternfishes, genera Lobianchia and Diaphus, in the North Atlantic. Dana Report 73: 1–131.
Nafpaktitus, B. G., R. H. Backus, J. E. Craddock, R. L. Haedrich, B. H. Robinson, and C. Karnella. 1977. Family Myctophidae. Pp. 13–265 in R. H. Gibbs, Jr. et al., eds. Fishes of the Western North Atlantic, Part 7: Iniomi (Myctophiformes). Sears Foundation for Marine Research, Memoir 1, New Haven.
McEachran, J. D. 2009. Fishes (Vertebrata: Pisces) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1223–1316 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas.
Harte Research Institute for Gulf of Mexico Studies. 2016. GulfBase: Resource Database for Gulf of Mexico Research, Education, and Management. Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi. World Wide Web electronic publication. http://www.gulfbase.org, 11-17-2019.